Instead of absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, the Amazon suddenly became a net producer of greenhouse gas during the extreme drought of 2005 caused by climate change and the effects of El Niño : for the first time, it produced more than 5 Billion Tons of carbon dioxide and exceeded the annual man-made smissions of Europe and Japan combined. Not to mention increase of temperatures, increase of ocean levels, increase in natural disasters, death of numerous species, etc., causing alarming deadlines for urgent active political action.
Through its various activities and projects, ECOPROSUISSE has become familiar with local and regional governmental policies and has become involved with reforestation and other hereto related green projects, as well as with blue projects related to the oceanic impact by climate change. Humans worldwide are estimated to emit about 32 Billion Tons of carbon dioxide each year, but just less than half of this remains in the atmosphere. The other half is absorbed by natural carbon sinks in the ocean and on land. The planet's tropical forests collectively absorb each year about 4.8 Billion Tons of carbon dioxide, with the Amazon being the single biggest rainforest sink. Amazonia alone is estimated to store about 100 Billion Tons of carbon locked up in its trees and each year the Amazon absorbs about 2 Billion Tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Each year deforestation causes the loss of 13 Million Hectares of Biodiversity or 25 Hectares each minute ! Mainly by excessive logging concessions and by illegal activities, both often caused by either ignorance, incompetence or corruption. The effects accelerate climate change in a dramatic manner. In addition, food production decreases steadily and each day fields where once wheat and cereals grew, are being destroyed by a world's population which is expected to reach 12 Billion in 2054, representing a linear increase of 150 more mouths to feed each minute ! Not reacting now is stealing our children's future : Biodiversity has become a key issue to survival of humanity during the next generations.
Farmland, Agriculture & Reforestation
Farming and Forestry have been traditional activities in many communities and Municipalities around the world. Longtime considered as not profitable enough, this situation has recently undergone a considerable evolution and offer today new perspectives under new management and new financing techniques. Many local communities, Municipalities and Regional Governments have approached the Swiss NGO Non-Governmental and NPO Non-Profit Organization ECOPROSUISSE to assist them in increasing their farmland and forestry potential, bring new investments, and boost their production output. In return, this new line of activities allows to combine important social and humanitarian advantages, as well as an attractive return on investment with a solid and direct legal beneficial ownership basis.
Many countries have launched mega-projects for ocean desalination plants to obtain usable water both for agriculture and human consumption. By rejecting the salt back into the ocean, oceanlife has been polluted and exterminated in vast maritime areas and coastlines. By adding harmful chemicals in large quantities to obtain clean drinking water, the soil was spoiled and health conditions rapidly declined, producing many new diseases and deaths. Each year water in general and drinking water in particular become increasingly scarce, while overall consumption increases. This will become one of the world's major problems during this century.
The Ocean takes up carbon dioxide through photosynthesis by plant-like organisms (physioplankton : essential food for marine life), as well as by simple chemistry. But the ocean has limits. And limits are being reduced by various forms of pollution caused by mankind, vessels and industry. As temperatures rise, carbon dioxide leaks out of the ocean. The warmer the surface water becomes, the harder it is for winds to mix the surface layers with the deeper layers. Without an infusion of fresh water from below, the surface water saturates with carbon dioxide. The stagnant water supports fewer phytoplankton, fewer oxygen, fewer regeneration processes, fewer marine life (and thus fewer fish and protein to feed the population). Ongoing biogeochemical changes occurring in the ocean are resulting in a higher, more acidic and deoxygenated marine ressource. In short, stratification cuts down the amount of carbon the ocean can take up. Uneven warming creates a temperature difference that strengthens the winds which enhance deep water upwellng, which allows carbon to vent into the atmosphere from carbon-rich deep water in an amplifying cycle during the El Niño effects on climate change.
ECOPROSUISSE is deeply concerned by all above subjects and issues. In case you share this concern and wish to activitely participate, your ideas and suggestions are most welcome. Please kindly read our EcoPro Contact page fur further details.